- Accepting the invitation of President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam Vo Van Thuong, President of Mongolia Ukhnaagiin Khurelsukh and his wife undertook a state visit to Vietnam from November 01 to 05.
- During the visit, President Ukhnaagiin Khurelsukh engaged in talks with President Vo Van Thuong, met with General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh, and National Assembly Chairman Vuong Dinh Hue. He also visited the Mausoleum of President Ho Chi Minh, attended the Vietnam-Mongolia Business Forum, visited the Cavalry Mobile Police Group under the Mobile Police Command, Ministry of Public Security of Vietnam, and explored various economic and cultural establishments in Hoa Binh province.
- During the visit, both sides engaged in substantial discussions on measures to enhance bilateral cooperation in various fields, including politics, defense, security, economics, education, science and technology, transportation, logistics, culture, tourism, and people-to-people exchanges, as well as regional and international issues of mutual concern. With the approaching 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Mongolia and Vietnam in 2024, both sides agreed to actively collaborate to elevate the relations between the two countries to the level of a “Comprehensive Partnership.”
- During the official talks, President U. Khurelsukh and President Vo Van Thuong expressed satisfaction with the development and strengthening of traditional friendly relations between the two countries. They highlighted success stories in various fields such as politics, security, and defense. With an emphasis on the existing possibilities, both leaders agreed to continue close collaboration to achieve productivity across all domains and enhance cooperation with tangible economic content. To further expand relations and cooperation, as well as strengthen mutual political trust, the parties committed to ongoing high-level exchanges at all levels, including the party, government, and parliament. They also agreed to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations in 2024 through joint cultural and artistic events and the robust implementation of bilateral cooperation documents.
- The parties affirmed their commitment to strengthening defense and security cooperation, emphasizing the effective implementation of existing mechanisms such as the “Intergovernmental Agreement between the Government of Mongolia and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Defense Cooperation,” signed in December 2019. The visit of the Minister of National Defense of Vietnam to Mongolia in October 2023 resulted in an agreement to support practical cooperation in areas including information exchange, defense industry, technology, and peacekeeping through specific projects and programs. Both sides agreed to ensure the implementation of documents signed between the law enforcement agencies of the two countries, focusing on cooperation in maintaining security and public order, combating and preventing transnational crime, and managing migration. Acknowledging the contribution of the Mounted Police Force, established under the Mobile Police Department of the Ministry of Social Security of Vietnam, to maintaining public order and security, the parties expressed their commitment to continuing collaborative efforts to strengthen the committee.
- The parties expressed high regard for the Mongolia-Vietnam Intergovernmental Commission for Trade, Economy, Science, and Technology Cooperation as a crucial mechanism for discussing relations and cooperation. They acknowledged the commission’s role in facilitating real cooperation in trade, economy, and investment. Both parties committed to supporting trade by fostering connections between entrepreneurs and wealth creators in both countries. Additionally, they emphasized support for cooperation in the strategically important mineral sector of both countries, aiming to leverage the advantages and resources of each side to increase trade turnover. Both sides expressed high appreciation for the active and pioneering role of the business communities in both countries. Specifically, they acknowledged the contributions of organizations such as the Vietnam – Mongolia Business Council under the Vietnam Confederation of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) and the Business Council Mongolia – Vietnam under the Mongolia Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MNCCI). These councils play a crucial role in promoting, connecting, and supporting businesses on both sides, contributing to the enhancement of economic cooperation between Vietnam and Mongolia.
- Both sides agreed to continue promoting the effective implementation of the Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the agricultural sector signed in 2022. They welcomed the agreement on the Form of Quarantine Certificate for Export of Goat and Sheep Meat from Mongolia and the Certificate of Quarantine for Export of Poultry Meat and Poultry Meat Products from Vietnam to Mongolia, thereby facilitating favorable conditions for exchanging agricultural products between the two countries. The parties also committed to enhancing the exchange of experts and the transfer of advanced production technology, especially in agricultural food production, to Mongolia.
- The heads of state of Mongolia and Vietnam highly appreciated the efforts of the relevant organizations on both sides to expand air traffic between the two countries. They also acknowledged the positive impact of these efforts on increasing trade, economic activities, tourism, and citizen exchanges. The parties expressed their commitment to continuing to collaborate and find possible solutions to overcome logistical obstacles in road transport, including rail, sea, and air transport, thereby fostering greater connectivity between Mongolia and Vietnam.
- The heads of state of Mongolia and Vietnam noted the importance of ensuring the implementation of the Memorandum of Understanding signed in 2017 between the Ministry of Labor and Social Security of Mongolia and the Ministry of Labor and Development of Vietnam. This memorandum focuses on cooperation in various fields, including social security, vocational education, social insurance, population development, social policy, services for disabled people, and gender equality. The leaders agreed to continue studying the possibility of mutual labor supply and reception in the labor market sectors of both countries.
- The parties agreed to continue the effective implementation of the agreement on cooperation in the field of education established in 2012. The Vietnamese side expressed its positive consideration of increasing the number of scholarships provided by the government within the framework of Mongolia’s “President’s Message-2100” scholarship program. The leaders committed to expanding and developing cooperation in healthcare, including traditional medicine and herbal medicine production technology. They also agreed to implement programs promoting the history and culture of both countries, support the exchange of cultural and artistic teams, protect historical and cultural heritage, strengthen cooperation in rehabilitation, and intensify friendly exchanges between citizens, particularly students and youth. The development of local cooperation by leveraging the advantages and resources of tourism on both sides was emphasized. Additionally, close cooperation was highlighted in protecting the interests of citizens living and working in both countries, creating favorable conditions for their education and work, and serving as an important bridge to strengthen the friendship between the two nations.
- The parties affirmed their commitment to continue working closely within international and regional organizations. These include the UN, UNODC, WHO, ASEM, ASEAN (ARF), UNESCO, the Ulaanbaatar Dialogue Initiative on Northeast Asian Security, and the Asia-Pacific Anti-Money Laundering Group (APG). They expressed their dedication to cooperation and mutual support within these frameworks.
- Vietnam expressed its support for Mongolia in expanding and strengthening relations with ASEAN countries. Additionally, Vietnam reaffirmed its support for Mongolia’s request to join the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) during the organization’s membership expansion. Both parties emphasized the importance of implementing the United Nations’ “Sustainable Development Agenda 2030” and expressed readiness to deepen practical cooperation in areas such as poverty reduction, ensuring food security, combating climate change, and promoting green development.
- The parties acknowledged the importance of maintaining peace and security in the South China Sea. They emphasized the resolution of disputes through peaceful means in accordance with the United Nations Charter and international law, including the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS 1982).
- During the visit, the two sides signed the following documents:
(1) Agreement between the Government of Mongolia and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on exemption of visa requirements for holders of diplomatic, official and ordinary passports;
(2) Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs of Mongolia and the Ministry of Public Security of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on cooperation in information sharing and immigration management;
(3) Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs of Mongolia and the Ministry of Public Security of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Combating Transnational Drug-related Crime;
(4) Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation between the Executive office of the National Security Council of Mongolia and the Ministry of Public Security of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam;
(5) Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the field of strategic research between the Executive office of the National Security Council of Mongolia and the Ministry of Public Security of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam;
(6) Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry of Mongolia and the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on the Sustainability of Rice Trade.
- Mongolian President Ukhnaagiin Khurelsukh and his wife sincerely thanked President Vo Van Thuong and the people of Vietnam for the warm reception of the Mongolian delegation and welcomed President Vo Van Thuong to make a state visit to Mongolia as part of the historic 70th anniversary of diplomatic relations between the two countries in 2024.