|Establishment of Diplomatic Relations:||Diplomatic relations established on the October 16, 1949.|
Two sides established their respective embassies in Ulaanbaatar and Beijing in 1950.
|Relationship level:||Comprehensive Strategic Partnership|
|Principles of Relations||In 1994, Mongolia and China signed the Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation. Article 1 of the treaty states: “The parties based on the principles of mutual respect of each other’s independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity, non-aggression, non-interference in internal affairs, equality, mutualy beneficial, and peaceful coexistence will develop good neighborly relations and cooperation”|
Established Comprehensive Strategic Partnership Relations with China on August 21, 2014, when the two sides signed the “Mongolia – China Joint Declaration on Developing Comprehensive Strategic Partnership Relations” in Ulaanbaatar city during President Xi Jinping’s state visit to Mongolia.
|High Level Visit Exchanges:||From Mongolia to China:|
1998, 2004, 2005, 2010, 2015, 2019, 2020
Chairmen of the State Great Khural:
1994, 2000, 2008, 2014
1992, 1996, 1999, 2002, 2006, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2017, 2018, 2022
1989, 1997, 2000, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2019, 2021
From China to Mongolia:
1991, 1999, 2003, 2014
Chairmen of NPCSC:
1997, 2013, 2022
Premiers of State Council:
1954, 1960, 1994, 2010, 2016
1989, 1997, 2001, 2007, 2011, 2014, 2018, 2020, 2022
|Trade and Economic Relations:||As of August 2022: Total trade turnover with China reached 8.5 billion US dollars, an increase of 25.4 percent compared to the same period last year. Exports reached 6.59 billion US dollars and imports reached 1.91 billion US dollars.|
Main exports include mining products such as copper ore and copper concentrate, coal, irone ore and iron concentrate, crude oil, agricultural products and etc.
Main imports include petroleum products, industrial and mining machinery, textiles, general equipment, electrical appliances, construction materials, packaging and etc.
From 1990-2019, China invested a total of 5.4 billion US dollars in Mongolia, accounting for 19% of total FDI. More than 7,543 Chinese enterprises are registered in Mongolia.
Since 2014, a total of 3.3 billion RMB in grants have been provided by China.
|Humanitarian Relations:||Mongolia-China Joint Council on Humanitarian Exchange was established in 2017 and the council met twice in 2018 and 2019.|
In the 2021 academic year, the number of Mongolian students studying in Chinese universities has reached 11,000. Of these, 220 students are studying under the Chinese government scholarship.
|Cultural Relations:||In 1994, Agreement between the Government of Mongolia and the Government of the PRC on cooperation in the Cultural sector was established.|
According to the “Agreement between the Government of Mongolia and the Government of the PRC on the mutual establishment of a Cultural Center” signed in May 2010, the Chinese Cultural Center was established in Ulaanbaatar in June 2010.
In 2012, 2014, and 2015, Mongolian Cultural Days were organized in Beijing, Shandong Province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and Chinese Cultural Days were organized in Ulaanbaatar.
In 2018, Ulaanbaatar Day was organized in Beijing.
|Bilateral Agreements:||Border Treaty (1962)|
Consular Treaty (1986)
Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation (1994)
Agreement on Border ports and its regulations (2004)
Mongolia – China Joint Declaration on Developing Comprehensive Strategic Partnership Relations (2014)